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JLPT N1 Grammar List

JLPT N1 Grammar List
Summary of the most complete Japanese grammar form N1

1. めく (meku) : to show signs of
2. かたわら (katawara) : while; in addition to
3. が早いか (ga hayai ka) : as soon as
4. ただ~のみ (tada~nomi) : can do nothing but; there’s only
5. なり (nari) : as soon as
6. ごとき/ごとく (gotoki/gotoku) : like; as if; the same as
7. がてら (gatera) : on the same occasion; at the same time
8. を皮切りに (wo kawakiri ni) : starting with; beginning of
9. をもって (o motte) : by means of; at the time
10. が最後 (ga saigo) : once something occurs

11. まみれ (mamire) : covered in
12. とあれば (to areba) : if; if it is the case that
13. ともなると (tomo naru to) : when
14. なしに (nashi ni) : without
15. ならでは (naradeha) : uniquely; special to
16. とあって (to atte) : because of
17. べく (beku) : in order to; for the purpose of
18. かたがた (katagata) : while; at the same time
19. たところで (ta tokoro de) : even if …
20. であれ~であれ (de are~de are) : whether [A] or [B]

21. にたえない (ni taenai) : Unbearable; can’t do
22. ところを (tokoro o) : although; despite a certain time
23. とはいえ/とは言え (towaie/ towaie) : nonetheless; though
24. ものを (mono o) : I wish; if only
25. ようが (you ga) : even if; no matter what
26. いかん (ikan) : depends on
27. あえて (aete) : dare to; daringly
28. と相まって (to aimatte) : together with; along with
29. をよそに (o yoso ni) : despite; without regards to
30. ないまでも (nai made mo) : even if something isn’t done

31. まじき (majiki) : should not; must not
32. にかたくない (ni katakunai) : it’s not hard to
33. べからず (bekarazu) : must not; should not
34. たりとも (tari tomo) : (not) even; (not) any
35. を余儀なくされる (o yoginaku sareru) : to be forced to do something
36. てやまない (te yamanai) : always; never stop
37. かいもなく (kai mo naku) : even though
38. ないではすまない (nai dewa sumanai) : must; will definitely
39. を経て (o hete) : through; after; via
40. ゆえに (yueni) : due to, therefore

41. ことなしに (koto nashi ni) : without doing something
42. ではあるまいし (dewa arumaishi) : it’s not like; it isn’t as if
43. てからというもの (te kara to iu mono) : after; since
44. としたって/としたところで (to shitatte/to shita tokoro de) : even if
45. ずくめ (zukume) : entirely; completely
46. ながらに (nagara ni) : without change; while
47. にもまして (ni momashite) : more than, above
48. にひきかえ (ni hikikae) : in contrast to
49. はおろか (wa oroka) : let alone; not to mention
50. あっての (atte no) : to owe everything to

51. いかに (ikani) : how; how much
52. いかんによらず (ikan ni yorazu) : regardless of
53. かれ~かれ (kare~kare) : sooner or later; more or less
54. くらいなら (kurai nara) : rather than
55. こととて (kototote) : because; since
56. じみた (jimita) : to look like
57. ずじまい (zu jimai) : never; did not (have the chance to)
58. ないではおかない (nai dewa okanai) : will definitely; cannot not
59. そばから (soba kara) : as soon as
60. だに (dani) : even

61. ためしがない (tameshi ga nai) : is never the case; has never happened
62. つ~つ (tsu~tsu) : indicates two contrasting actions
63. てしかるべきだ (te shikaru beki da) : should
64. てみせる (te miseru) : I’ll definitely
65. といい~といい (to ii~to ii) : and; or
66. というか~というか (to iu ka~to iu ka) : (I’m not sure if it’s) A or B
67. というところだ (to iu tokoro da) : about; approximately
68. といえども (to ie domo) : even; even if
69. といったらない (to ittara nai) : very; extremely; nothing more
70. といわず (to iwazu) : not only; not just

71. と思いきや (to omoikiya) : I thought…; or so we thought
72. ときたら (tokitara) : when it comes to…; concerning…
73. とて (tote) : even if, even though
74. とばかりに (to bakari ni) : as if; as though
75. とみるや (to miru ya) : at the sight of; upon seeing
76. ともなく (tomonaku) : to do something without thinking about it
77. なり~なり (nari~nari) : or
78. なりに/なりの (nari ni/nari no) : in one’s own way or style
79. ばこそ (ba koso) : only because
80. はさておき (wa sateoki) : setting aside

81. ばそれまでだ (ba sore made da) : if… then it’s over (nothing will be of use)
82. 羽目になる (hame ni naru) : to end up with (something unpleasant)
83. べくもない (beku mo nai) : can’t; cannot possibly be
84. までもない (made mo nai) : it’s not necessary to
85. もさることながら (mo saru koto nagara) : not only… but also…
86. や否や (ya ina ya) : the moment that; no sooner than
87. ようによっては (you ni yotte wa) : depending on
88. をおいて (o oite) : other than
89. を限りに (o kagiri ni) : starting from…
90. を踏まえて (o fumaete) : based on

91. をものともせず (o monotomo sezu) : in defiance of
92. んがため (n ga tame) : in order to
93. にそくして (ni sokushite) : as; in line with
94. たる (taru) : (those) who are; (that) which is
95. 極まる/極まりない (kiwamaru/ kiwamarinai) : extremely
96. にかこつけて (ni kakotsukete) : pretext of; Get the reason
97. をきんじえない(を禁じ得ない)o kinjienai (o kinjienai) : can’t help but; can’t refrain from
98. きらいがある (kirai ga aru) : there is a tendency for
99. しまつだ (shimatsu da) : unfortunately; end up
100. をおして (o oshite) : although

101. すら/ ですら (sura/ de sura) : even (with emphasis)
102. いかんだ (ikanda) : depending on
103. 覚えはない (oboe wa nai) : no remember
104. かのごとく (ka no gotoku) : As if
105. くも何ともない (kumo nantomo nai) : Nothing
106. ぐるみ (gurumi) : (together) with
107. たらんとする (ta ran to suru) : want to become, worthy of ~
108. てこそはじめて (te koso hajimete) : if so …. it may be
109. ては~ては (tewa~tewa) : repetitive situations/actions
110. てかなわない (te kanawanai) : can’t stand; unable to

111. てはばからない (te habakaranai) : reckless; fearless …
112. 手前 (temae) : before; in front of
113. でもしたら (demo shitara) : If … then
114. でもなんでもない (demo nan demo nai) : not that; not at all
115. などもってのほかだ (nado mottenohokada) : not tolerable; strictly forbidden
116. 並み (nami) : equal to; on par with​
117. ならいざしらず (nara iza shirazu) : I don’t know about A, but B
118. に至っては (ni itatte wa) : when it comes to; as for
119. に言わせれば (ni iwasereba) : if you ask…; if one may say…
120. に限ったことではない (ni kagitta koto de wa nai) : not limited to only~

121. にして (ni shite) : only; even; in (time span)
122. にしてはじめて ( ni shite hajimete) : since at ~
123. に足る (ni taru) : to be enough; to be worthy of
124. に照らして (ni terashite) : in comparison with, according to
125. によらず (ni yorazu) : regardless of
126. のみならず (nomi narazu) : not only; besides
127. た拍子に (ta hyoushi ni) : the moment; the instance
128. もそこそこに (mo sokosoko ni) : do …. hurry
129. も同然だ (mo douzen da) : just like; same as~
130. ものやら (mono yara) : I wonder..; unsure
131. 模様だ (moyouda) : look; perhaps; seems
132. んばかりに (n bakari ni) : as if; as though

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