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JLPT N3 Grammar List

JLPT N3 Grammar List
Summary of the most complete Japanese grammar form N3

1. ほど (hodo) : to the extent that, so much
2. まま (mama) : as it is
3. としたら (to shitara) : if it were the case that
4. きり (kiri) : only, just
5. おかげで (okage de) : thanks to, because of
6. ために (tame ni) : because of, as a result of
7. として (to shite) : as (i.e. in the role of)
8. ように (you ni) : in order to
9. こそ (koso) : for sure (emphasize preceding word)
10. がち (gachi) : apt to do, tend to do

11. たびに (tabi ni) : each time, every time
12. うちに (uchi ni) : while, before
13. だらけ (darake) : covered all over in, full of
14. っけ (kke) : what is… again?
15. ついでに (tsuideni) : while you are at it
16. ということだ (to iu koto da) : I’ve heard that…; rumor has it that…
17. というより (to iu yori) : rather than
18. において (ni oite) : in, on, at
19. にかわって (ni kawatte) : instead of, on behalf of
20. について (ni tsuite) : concerning

21. につれて (ni tsurete) : as, in proportion to
22. にとって (ni totte) : to, for, concerning
23. わけだ (wakeda) : for that reason, no wonder
24. わけではない (wake dewa nai) : it doesn’t mean that
25. ながらも (nagara mo) : but, although
26. というと (to iu to) : if it were the case that…, then certainly
27. に反して (ni hanshite) : against; contrary to
28. はもとより (wa moto yori) : also; let alone
29. 反面 (hanmen) : but on the other hand
30. べき (beki) : must, should

31. やら~やら (yara~yara) : such things as; such as
32. よりほかない (yori hoka nai) : to have no choice but
33. に対して (ni taishite) : in regard to; in contrast to
34. にしたがって (ni shitagatte) : as; therefore; in accordance with
35. に関する / に関して (ni kansuru / ni kanshite) : concerning, about
36. にかかわらず (ni kakawarazu) : regardless of
37. における (ni okeru) : in, on, at (place)
38. に応じて (ni oujite) : depending on; in accordance with
39. にあって (ni atte) : in; on; at; during
40. なんか / なんて(nanka / nante) : such as, things like

41. ないことには (nai koto niwa) : unless you do something
42. とともに (totomoni) : together with
43. といっても (to ittemo) : although I say
44. といったら (to ittara) : if it were the case that…
45. だけあって (dake atte) : (precisely) because
46. たばかり (ta bakari) : just finished; something just ended/occurred
47. ようになる (you ni naru) : to reach the point that, to come to be that
48. ことになる (koto ni naru) : it has been decided that…
49. とても~ない (totemo~nai) : cannot possibly; there is no way

50. らしい (rashii) : seem like; look like; I heard that
51. てはじめて (te hajimete) : not until; only after… did I
52. ないで (naide) : without doing~ ; don’t
53. によって (ni yotte) : by means of, due to, owing to
54. のように/のような (no you ni/no you na) : like; similar to
55. ば~ほど (ba~hodo) : the more… the more
56. ばかり (bakari) : only; nothing but
57. をはじめ (o hajime) : starting with; First is ~
58. さえ ~ ば (sae ~ ba) : if only ~ then; as long as
59. わざわざ (wazawaza) : take the trouble to, taking the time to do

60. たものだ (ta monoda) : Often (remember, reminisce)
61. まさか (masaka) : there’s no way, by no means
62. ふり~(~振り)furi ~(~ furi) : pretend to be
63. どうやら (dou yara) : it seems like; it appears that
64. さらに~(~更に) sarani (sarani) : furthermore; again
65. すでに~(~既に)sudeni (sudeni) : already ~
66. つい (tsui) : Carelessly; by mistake
67. むしろ (mushiro) : rather; instead; better
68. になれる (ni nareru) : to be used to…; become
69. にちがいない (ni chigainai) : certainly; there is no doubt that ~

70. なかなか (nakanaka) : Forever but not yet, forever without
71. によると (ni yoru to) : according to
72. ようにする (you ni suru) : to try to; to make sure that
73. はじめる~ (~始める) hajimeru (hajimeru) : to start…; to begin to…
74. ないうちに (nai uchi ni) : before something happens
75. どうしても (doushitemo) : no matter what, at any cost
76. せいぜい (seizei) : at the most; at best
77. にかぎる~ (~に限る) ni kagiru (ni kagiru) : nothing better than; there’s nothing like
78. にすぎない (ni suginai) : no more than; just
79. つもりで (tsumori de) : with the intention of doing

80. たとたん (ta totan) : as soon as; just as; the moment
81. ばかりに (bakari ni) : Just because ~; simply because
82. っこない (kkonai) : no chance of; …is definitely not possible
83. てしかたがない (~て仕方がない) te shikata ga nai (te shikata ga nai) : Can’t help; can’t be helped
84. てしょうがない (te shouganai) : Can’t help; can’t be helped
85. でさえ (de sae) : even; not even
86. など/なんか/なんて (nado / nanka / nante) : like~ (usually used to list negative examples)
87. にしろ (ni shiro) : Although …; even if; regardless
88. 向き (muki) : suitable for
89. わけない (wakenai) : Could it be, how ~
90. ほど~ない (hodo~nai) : is not as… as~

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