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JLPT N4 Grammar List

JLPT N4 Grammar List
Summary of the most complete Japanese grammar form N4

1. てみる (te miru) : try to (do something)
2. たら (tara) : if… then; after; when
3. なら (nara) : if, if it is the case that
4. ば (ba) : if… then
5. たがる (ta garu) : want to
6. かもしれない (kamo shirenai) : might; maybe
7. しか~ない (shika~nai) : only; nothing but
8. てあげる (te ageru) : to do for
9. てくれる (te kureru) : to do something for me
10. てもらう (te morau) : to get somebody to do something

11. ていただけませんか (te itadakemasen ka) : can you please…; may I…
12. なさい (nasai) : command (order somebody to do something)
13. ても (temo) : even; even if
14. てしまう (te shimau) : to do something by accident
15. みたい (mitai) : seems, look like
16. ながら (nagara) : while; during; as
17. のに (noni) : although
18. はずがない (hazu ga nai) : cannot be
19. ないで (nai de) : without doing
20. かどうか (ka dou ka) : whether or not

21. やすい (yasui) : easy to; likely to
22. にくい (nikui) : difficult to…; hard to…
23. てある (te aru) : something is/has been done
24. てほしい (te hoshii) : I need you to…
25. たところ (ta tokoro) : just finished doing; was just doing
26. ことにする (koto ni suru) : decide to
27. すぎる (sugiru) : too much
28. ために (tame ni) : for
29. でしょう (deshou) : Will
30. という (to iu) : There is such, a thing

31. あとで (ato de) : after, later
32. ておく (te oku) : to do something in advance
33. と思う (to omou) : to think…; I think
34. つもり (tsumori) : intend to; plan to do something
35. 予定 (yotei) : plans, plan to
36. はずです (hazu desu) : Definitely ~
37. ずに (zuni) : without doing, do nothing
38. 間に (aida ni) : while, during~ something happened
39. にする (ni suru) : to decide on
40. とおりに (toori ni) : in the same way as; in the way

41. もの (mono) : because; indicates reason or excuse
42. ように/ような (you ni / you na) : as; like; just as
43. 場合 (baai) : in case; in the case
44. んです (ndesu) : to explain something
45. あまり~ない (amari~nai) : not very, not much~
46. 全然~ない (zenzen~nai) : (not) at all
47. ことがある (koto ga aru) : there are times when; sometimes
48. ようだ (you da) : it seems that; it appears that
49. し (shi) : and; and what’s more
50. など (nado) : such as, things like

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