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JLPT N4 Grammar: てある (te aru)

てある (te aru)

Meaning: something is/has been done, something is done, something has been done

How to use the: Verb-てform + ある

Explain:
This sentence represents the state of subject N, which is often used when someone in the past has acted on subject N, through the execution of action V て, the result of which is still stored in present.

Example sentences:
1, 箱には日本語の文字が印刷してある。
hako ni wa nihongo no moji ga insatsu shite aru.
The printing on the box is in Japanese.

2, 机の上に本が置いてあるです。
Tsukue no ue ni hon ga oitearudesu.
There is a book on the desk.

3, 君の靴下も全部洗濯してある。
kimi no kutsushita mo zenbu sentaku shite aru.
All your socks have also been washed.

4, 起きてみると、もう朝食が作って会った
Okite miru to, mō chōshoku ga tsukutte atta
When I woke up, breakfast was already prepared

5, 窓が開けてあるのは空気を入れ替えるためだ。
Mado ga akete aru no wa kūki o irekaeru tameda.
The open window is for ventilation

6, 冷蔵庫に果物が入れてある。
Reizōko ni kudamono ga irete aru.
In the fridge there is fruit

7, ここに目標と評価基準がリスト・アップしてある。
koko ni mokuhyou to hyouka kijun ga risuto appu shite aru.
Here are the objectives and the criteria.

Attention:
– V て is a passive verb
– V て あ る is just a sentence to describe the state of things like that, the speaker is only describing the state.
– Do not use V て あ る to describe the state of large, difficult moving objects such as buildings …

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