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JLPT N2 Grammar List

JLPT N2 Grammar List
Summary of the most complete Japanese grammar form N2

1. かねる (kaneru) : unable to do something
2. かねない (kanenai) : might happen, might do something
3. ろくに~ない (rokuni~nai) : not doing something properly
4. せめて (semete) : at least; at most
5. ものの (mono no) : but, although, even though
6. それにしても (sorenishitemo) : nevertheless, at any rate
7. 以上 (ijou) : because; now that
8. 上に (ue ni) : as well; besides; in addition to
9. 上で (ue de) : after
10. か~ないかのうちに (ka~nai ka no uchi ni) : right after; as soon as

11. からして (kara shite) : judging from; based on
12. からすると/からすれば (kara suruto/ kara sureba) : judging from; considering
13. からといって (kara to itte) : just because
14. からには (kara niwa) : now that; since; so long as; because
15. げ (ge) : seeming; giving the appearance of
16. ことから (koto kara) : from the fact that ; Because
17. ことになっている (koto ni natte iru) : to be expected to; to be scheduled to
18. ざるを得ない (zaru wo enai) : cannot help (doing)
19. しかない (shika nai) : Have no choice but to
20. 上は (ue wa) : now that; since

21. どころではない (dokoro dewa nai) : this is not the time; not the occasion for
22. に加えて (ni kuwaete) : in addition to
23. に際して (ni saishite) : on the occasion of
24. にしろ/にせよ (ni shiro/ni seyo) : even though; even if
25. に相違ない (ni soui nai) : without a doubt; certain; sure
26. に沿って (ni sotte) : along with; in accordance with
27. につき (ni tsuki) : due to; because of
28. にほかならない (ni hoka naranai) : nothing but; none other than
29. にもかかわらず (nimo kakawarazu) : despite; in spite of
30. 抜く (nuku) : to do something to the end

31. のもとで (no moto de) : under
32. まい (mai) : will not; will probably not
33. まいか (mai ka) : whether or not; considering options
34. をきっかけに (o kikkake ni) : with… as a start; as a result of
35. をこめて (o komete) : filled with
36. をもとにして (o moto ni shite) : Based on
37. わけにはいかない (wake niwa ikanai) : must not; cannot afford to
38. ような気がする (youna ki ga suru) : have a feeling that
39. やむをえず (yamuwoezu) : unavoidable, no other way to do something
40. ものだから (mono dakara) : because; the reason is

41. てたまらない (te tamaranai) : very; extremely
42. 代わりに (kawari ni) : instead of; in exchange for
43. 気味 (gimi) : -like, -looking
44. くせに (kuse ni) : even though, and yet
45. ことか (koto ka) : how…!; what…!; emphasis;
46. ことはない (koto wa nai) : here is no need to
47. 最中に (saichuu ni) : while; during
48. てでも (te demo) : even if I have to; by all means
49. たちまち (tachimachi) : right away; in a moment
50. を通じて (o tsuujite) : Through; via; throughout

51. ものなら (mono nara) : if [A] is possible, then [B]; if one can do something
52. ところに/ところへ (tokoro ni/tokoro e) : at the time
53. ものか (mono ka) : as if
54. だけに (dake ni) : being the case; precisely because
55. つつ (tsutsu) : while; although
56. つつある (tsutsu aru) : to be doing; to be in the process of doing
57. つつも (tsutsu mo) : In spite of ; Whatever is ~
58. ていらい (て以来)te irai (te irai) : since
59. てならない (te naranai) : very; extremely
60. というものだ (to iu mono da) : something like…; something called…

61. というものでもない (to iu mono demo nai) : there is no guarantee that…
62. はともかく (wa tomokaku) : whether or not; nevermind
63. も~なら~も~/~も~ば~も (mo ~nara ~ mo ~/~ mo ~ba ~ mo) : Also … also
64. ばいいのに (ba ii noni) : If only; wish
65. なかなか~ない (nakanaka~nai) : not easy to; struggling to
66. わけです (wake desu) : That’s why; which mean
67. にあたる (ni ataru) : Corresponds to; coincide with
68. いがいの (以外の)igai no (igai no) : except~, other than ~
69. というわけではない (to iu wake dewa nai) : it’s not that; it doesn’t mean that
70. なるべく (narubeku) : as much as possible; trying

71. べつに~ない (別に~ない)betsuni~nai (betsuni~nai) : not really, not particularly
72. たしか (確か)tashika (tashika) : sure; certain
73. なんといっても (何といっても)nanto itte mo (nanto itte mo) : whatever you say ; by any
74. にきをつける(に気をつける)ni ki wo tsukeru (ni ki wo tsukeru) : to be careful of …; watch for..
75. せいか (seika) : Maybe because …
76. にこしたことはない (ni koshita koto wa nai) : nothing can be better than ..
77. および (及び)oyobi (oyobi) : and
78. まんいち(万一)manichi (manichi) : just in case; by some possibility
79. にかけては (ni kakete wa) : when it comes to~
80. からなる(成る) kara naru(naru) : Consists of; formed to

81. ないですむ(ないで済む)naide sumu (naide sumu) : get by without doing ~
82. いったん~ば (ittan~ ba) : Once you do something…
83. ではないだろうか (de wanaidarou ka) : could it be that~; might it be that~
84. より仕方がない (yori shikata ga nai) : to have no choice but to…
85. が気になる (ga ki ni naru) : Worry, wonder, concern …
86. 思うように (omou you ni) : as thought …; as one wish…
87. さすが(に)sasuga (ni) : indeed; as expected
88. X を Y にまかせる (X wo Y ni makaseru) : to leave X to Y
89. に至るまで (ni itaru made) : until
90. なにしろ(何しろ)nanishiro (nanishiro) : at any rate; anyhow

91. たまらない (tamaranai) : Unbearable ; Very …
92. とうてい (toutei) : can’t possibly~; there’s no way~
93. あげく (ageku) : to end up; in the end
94. あまり (amari) : so much… that
95. 一方だ (ippou da) : more and more; continue to
96. おそれがある (恐れがある) osore ga aru (osore ga aru) : it is feared that; to be in danger of
97. から〜にかけて (kara~ni kakete) : from [A] to [B]; from about … to
98. からみて(から見て)kara mite (kara mite) : See from; from the point of view of
99. ことに (koto ni) : emphasize speaker’s feelings
100. どころか (dokoro ka) : far from, anything but

101. に決まっている (ni kimatte iru) : certainly; I’m sure/certain that
102. にくらべて(に比べて)ni kurabete (ni kurabete) : compared to~; in comparison to~
103. にこたえる (ni kotaeru) : in response to; respond …
104. わりに (wari ni) : for; despite; although
105. をけいきとして (o keiki to shite) : take the opportunity …
106. ねばならない (neba naranai) : have to do; must; should
107. ところだった (tokoro datta) : was just about to do something

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