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JLPT N1 Grammar: ずじまい (zu jimai)

ずじまい (zu jimai)

Meaning: never; did not (have the chance to); Haven’t done A (regrettable action/state)

How to use the: Verb-ないform (-ない) + ずじまい

Express feelings of regret, regret, disappointment.

Example sentences:
1, 夏休みの前にたくさん本を借りたが、結局読まずじまいで、先生にしかられた。
Natsuyasumi no mae ni takusan hon o karitaga, kekkyoku yomazu jimaide, sensei ni shikara reta.
I borrowed a lot of books before the summer vacation, but after all I couldn’t read them, should have been scolded by the teacher.

2, 好きな彼女に告白できずじまいで卒業してしまった。
suki na kanojo ni kokuhaku dekizu jimai de sotsugyou shite shimatta.
I graduated without ever telling the girl I liked my true feelings.

3, 旅行でお世話になった人たちに、お礼の手紙を出さずじまいではずかしい。
Ryokō de osewa ni natta hito-tachi ni, orei no tegami o dasazu jimaide hazukashī.
I feel ashamed, because I have not managed to arrange time to write a letter to thank those who have helped me during the trip.

4, 父に聞かずじまいになってしまったことが、あまりにも多い。
chichi ni kikazu jimai ni natte shimatta koto ga, amari nimo ooi.
There was so much I had never asked my father.

In addition, ~ じ ま い còn can be combined with some noun and adjective root. This is the suffix suffix meaning “end”.
店 じ ま い: Close the store
い 時 じ ま い: Final result 5 hours
早 じ ま い: end soon