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Minna No Nihongo Lesson 44 Grammar

In the lesson of Minna no Nihongo grammar lesson 44, we will learn more ways to modulate verbs in many ways, mainly thanks to the adjectives い and tails な.

1. すぎます

The verb form ます + すぎます
Meaning: Too
Usage:
Describes a behavior that exceeds the allowed limit
[~すぎます] is a verb group 2
Example:
きのうのばんおさけをのみすぎました
Last night, I drank too much alcohol

おみやげをかいすぎました
I bought too many souvenirs

すしをたべすぎました
I ate too much Sushi

Tailed adjectives い (remove [い]) / Tailed adjectives な (remove [な]) + そうです
Meaning: too
Usage: describes a state that exceeds the allowed limit
For example:
このシャツはおおきすぎます
This shirt is too big

このほんはふくざつすぎます
This book is too complicated.

2. The verb form ます + やすい / にくいです
Used to indicate whether something is difficult or easy
Example:
このくすりはのみやすいです
This drug is easy to drink

とうきょうはすみにくいです
Tokyo difficult to live

Used to indicate whether the subject matter is easy or difficult to change or to indicate that something is difficult or likely to happen.
Example:
しろいシャツはよごれやすいです
White shirts easily get dirty

このコップはわれにくいです
This cup is hard to break

Note: [~やすい] / [~にくい] adjectives tail い
For example:
このくすり)はさとうをいれると、のみやすくなります
If have sugar, this medicine will (become) easier to drink

このコップはわれにくくて、あんぜんですよ
This cup is hard to break, so it’s safe.

3. Adjectives, nouns + します
Structure:
Adjective tailed い (omitted [い]) く + します
Adjective tailed な (omitted [な]) に + します
noun に + します
Usage: someone transforms an object
For example:
おとをおおきくします
I turn up the volume louder (make it bigger)

かみをみじかくします
I will cut my hair (make the hair short)

へやをきれいにします
I clean the room ( make it clean the room clean)

しお)のりょうをはんぶんにしました
I halved the amount of salt (halving it).

4. The noun に + します
Meaning: to choose, decide (to do)
Usage: indicates decisions and choices with human will
For example:
かいぎはあしたにします。
To come to the meeting tomorrow (decide to postpone the lesson to tomorrow)

ばんごはんはすしにします
Dinner I choose sushi (choose sushi to eat)

ホテルはどこにしますか
Which hotel do you choose?

5. Adjectives + Verbs
Structure:
Adjective tailed い (remove [い]) く + Verb
Adjective tailed な (remove [な]) に + Verb
Usage: When converting adjectives as above we will use the corresponding adverbs
For example:
やさいを こまかく きってください
let’s Cut small the vegetables

でんきやみずは たいせつに つかいます
let’s Save electricity and water

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