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Minna No Nihongo Lesson 47 Grammar

Lesson Minna no Nihongo Lesson 47 learn together the next use of [そうです] and learn the grammar structure [ようです]

1. Regular form + そうです
Structure:
Verb form verb / form ない / form た + そうです
Adjectives tailed い(~い) / くない + そうです
Adjectives tailed な だ / ではない + そうです
Noun だ / ではない + そうです
Usage:
Communicate the information you have received somewhere without adding your opinion
When adding a source of information, add [によると] to the beginning of the sentence
Example:
てんきよほうによると、さむくなるそうです
According to the weather forecast, it will be cold

クララさんはこどものとき、フランスにすんでいたそうです
Heard sister Klara lived in France in small

バリ島はきれいだそうです
Heard the beautiful Bali island

Note:
The way of speaking in this article is different in meaning and structure than the sentence that describes the appearance of a state [そうです] learned in lesson 43. Let’s compare with the example below
あめがふりそうです (1)
It seems like it is going to rain

あめがふるそうです (2)
I heard it will rain
(1) talking about predictions and judgments based on their own observations, and (2) communicating, retelling events, information they have heard somewhere and without their own judgment.

Distinguish [~そうです] and [~といっていました]
[~と言っていました] used only when conveying information that you directly heard from that speaker
[~そうです] can be used in case of listening from other sources (not necessarily the person speaking)

2. Regular form + ようです
Meaning: It seems
Usage:
A way of expressing subjective speculation based on the information the speaker receives from his senses
Sometimes used with the adverbs [どうも], meaning that it is unclear whether the content is true or not
For example:
ひとがおおぜいあつまっていますね
Everyone gathered in full

じこのようですね。パトカーときゅうきゅうしゃがきています
Looks like an accident. There is a police car and an ambulance

せきもでるし、あたまがいたい。どうもかぜをひいたようだ
I have a cough and headache. Looks like a flu already

Note: The difference between [~そうです] and [~ようです]

– [~そうです] expresses visual speculations based on their visual observations
– [~ようです] expresses the speaker’s speculations based on information I read or hear

3. こえ / におい / おと / あじが します
Usage: describe the phenomena that are perceived by the sensory organs
For example:
へんなおとがします
I hear strange sounds

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