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Learn N3 Kanji Unit 10: 両, 替, 優, 座, 降

Learn N3 Kanji Unit 10: 両, 替, 優, 座, 降


Meaning : both, old Japanese coin, counter for carriages (e.g., in a train), two

Onyomi : りょう
Kunyomi :

Common words using this Kanji :

両方 (りょうほう): both; both sides; both parties
両手 (りょうて): both hands; both arms
両面 (りょうめん): both sides; two sides; double-sided
両側 (りょうがわ): both sides
一両 (いちりょう): one vehicle

~両(りょう):both (e.g. both shoulders, etc.)​
車両(しゃりょう):railroad cars; wheeled vehicles


Meaning : exchange, spare, substitute, per-

Onyomi :
Kunyomi : か-える

Common words using this Kanji :
移替 (いたい): changing (person in charge, etc.), shifting
代替 (だいたい): substitution; alternative; substitute
振替 (ふりかえ): transfer; switching over; change
日替わり (ひがわり): changing every day

着替え (きがえ): changing clothes; change of clothes
取り替える (とりかえる):to exchange; to replace​
両替 (りょうがえ): money exchange​
着替える(きがえる): to change one’s clothes​
替わる (かわる): to succeed, to relieve, to replace, to take the place of, to substitute for
替える (かえる): to exchange; to interchange​; to replace​


Meaning : tenderness, excel, surpass, actor, superiority, gentleness

Onyomi : ゆう
Kunyomi : やさ-しい

Common words using this Kanji :
優勝 (ゆうしょう): overall victory; championship; winning the title
優秀 (ゆうしゅう): superior; excellent; brilliant; outstanding
優先 (ゆうせん): preference; priority; precedence
優勢 (ゆうせい): superiority; superior power; predominance; preponderance​
優美 (ゆうび): grace; refinement; elegance; daintiness
優位 (ゆうい): predominance; superiority; ascendancy; advantage; supremacy
俳優 (はいゆう): actor; actress; player; performer​
女優 (じょゆう): actress; female actor​
男優 (だんゆう): (male) actor​
名優 (めいゆう): great actor; famous actor; star

優先席 (ゆうせんせき):priority seat
優しい(やさしい):tender; kind; gentle; graceful
優れる (すぐれる】 to surpass, to outstrip, to excel


Meaning : squat, seat, cushion, gathering, sit

Onyomi : ざ
Kunyomi : すわ-る

Common words using this Kanji :

正座(せいざ):seiza; kneeling with the tops of the feet flat on the floor, and sitting on the soles​
座る(すわる): to sit; to squat​
中座 (ちゅうざ): leaving one’s seat (before an event is over)
口座 (こうざ): account (e.g. bank)
講座 (こうざ): course (e.g. of lectures)
便座 (べんざ): toilet seat


Meaning : descend, precipitate, fall, surrender

Onyomi : こう
Kunyomi : お-りる; ふ-る

Common words using this Kanji :

降りる(おりる):get off, to go down
以降(いこう):on and after; as from; hereafter; thereafter; since​
降る(くだる): to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.)