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Minna No Nihongo Lesson 35 Grammar

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 35 Grammar

1. How to create conditions
Verb
Group 1 verb:
Change from column [い] to column [え] + [ば]

Verb Condition form
かきます かけば
ききます きげば
およぎます およげば
のみます のめば
あそびます あそべば
まちます まてば
とります とれば
あいます あえば
はなします はなせば

Group 2 verb:
Remove [ま す] and replace with [れば] after the verb
Example:
たべます  ーーー> たべれば
おしえます ーーー> おしえれば

Group 3 verb:
Example:
きます ーーー> くれば
します ーーー> すれば

Adjective
Adjective tail な
Remove tail [な] add [なら]

Example:
きれい ーーー> きれいなら
ひま ーーー> ひまなら

Adjective tail い
Change the tail [い] to [ければ]

Example:
おいしい ーーー> おいしければ
わるい  ーーー> わるければ

Noun:
Add [な ら] Example:
あめ   ーーー> あめなら
むりょう ーーー> むりょうなら

2. Use case conditional
Describe a necessary condition for something to happen
Example:
ボタンをおせば, ドアがあきます
If the button is pressed, the door will open

いい天気てんきなら, はながさきます
If the weather is beautiful, the flower will bloom

めがねをかけなければ、しんぶんをよめません
Without glasses, cannot read the newspaper

In case the speaker wants to express his or her decision in a certain situation or when the listener talks about something
Example:
ほかにいけんがなければ、これでおわります
If no other comments, we stop here

このほんがやすければ, かいいます
If this book is cheap then we will buy

きょう, いそがしければ, あしたきてください
If it’s busy today, come tomorrow

3. Restrictions on the use of conditional sentences
One of the two sentences does not indicate intention:
Example:
じかんがあれば、テレビをみます
If you have time, watch the telly

ボタンをおせば、でんきがつきます
If you press the button, electricity will light up

The two sentences are not the same subject
Example:
ミラーさんはじむしょにもどれば、でんわしてください
If you Mira returned to the office, please call me

わたしはいけば、かのじょはなきます
If I Go, she will cry

4. Differentiate conditionals with [と] and [た ら]

Usage: Describe an inevitable outcome, a predictable event, the back of the sentence pattern [と] is not used with sentence patterns that indicate the intention of the speaker. (Such as てください、~なければなりません,…)
For example:
ここをすと, ドアがあきます
If click here, the door will open.

* In this sentence, can also use the conditional ば.
For example:
ここをおせば, ドアがあきます.
If you click here, the door will open

た ら
Usage: Expressing the conditional form. But different from the conditional form ば, た ら can be used with the case in 2 sentences with the same subject.
For example:
東京へきたら, ぜひれんらくしてください
If you come to Tokyo, you must definitely contact me.

* This sentence will not be true for the condition [ば] because the two sides have the same subject:
For example:
東京へくれば, ぜひれんらくしてください
If you come to Tokyo, you must contact with me

5. Interrogative word + conditional verb + いいですか
Meaning: what to do, where to go, …
Usage: Sentence form used to ask listeners for instructions or advice to do something
Used similar to the sentence pattern [たらいいですか] in lesson 26
For example:
でわばんごうがわからないんですが, どうすればいいですか?
I do not know the number phone, how do is it good?

でわばんごうがわからないんですが, どうしたらいいですか ?(Lesson 26)
I do not know the number phone, how do is it good?

6. Adjective tailed い / な conditional + verb forms ,adjective tailed い, adjective tailed な + ほど
Meaning: more … more
Usage: Describe the corresponding change in the level or scope of the content mentioned at the end of the sentence after the condition in the previous sentence changes.
The adjective な does not omit [な]

Example:
あたらしければ, あたらしいほどいいです
The more new better

そうさがかんたんなら,かんたんなほどわかり安いです
Actions as simple, the more understandable

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