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Minna No Nihongo Lesson 29 Grammar

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 29 Grammar

1. The verb form て + います
Describe the state arising as a result of the action or action indicated by the verb

2. The noun + が + the verb form て います
Meaning: What does it look like
Usage: Describing intact the state present in front of us, the movement or subject of the state is indicated by the adverb [が]

For example :
まどが しまっています
The window is closed

ふくろが やぶれています
The bag is torn

いすが こわれています
The chair is broken

If we describe a past state, we use [いました] For example :
けさ みちが こんでいました
This morning the east road

3. The noun + は + The verb form ています
How to use :
When you want to put something, something that is the subject of the sentence, replace the word 「が」 with 「は」
In this way people often use pronouns such as 「この」「その」「あの」 to indicate the subject in question.
For example :
このいすは こわれています
This chair is broken

そのさらは われています
That disk is broken

あのをさらは よごれていますから、あらってください
The dish is dirty, take it to wash

4. The verb form て しまいます / て しまいました
Used to emphasize that certain movements or things have ended

て しまいます
Usage: Describes the completion of a future action
For example :
あしたまでに レポートを かいいてしまいます
By tomorrow I will finish writing the report

て しまいます
Usage: Emphasize the completion of the action and often go with the auxiliary characters [もう] and [ぜんぶ]

For example :
しゅくだい は もう やってしまいました
I have done all my homework

おさけを ぜんぶ のんでしまいました
I have finished the wine

5. The verb form て しまいました
Meaning: Lost … already
Usage: Expressing regret, feeling sorry for the speaker
For example:
パスポートを なくしてしまいました
I lost my passport

でんしゃに かばんを わすれてしまいました
I left forget my bag on the streetcar

スーパーで さいふを おとしてしまいました
I dropped my wallet at the supermarket

6. ありました
Usage: Indicates that the speaker has found something
For example :
[かばんが] ありましたよ
Found the bag

7. どこかで and どこかに
Usage: As we learned in Lesson 13, the words [へ] in [どこかへ] and the word [を] in [なにかを] can be omitted but the words [で] in [どこかで] and The word [に] in [どこかに] cannot be omitted
For example :
どこかでさいふをなくしてしまいました
I dropped my wallet somewhere

どこかにでんわがありませんか
Does this place have a phone?

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