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Minna No Nihongo Lesson 18 Grammar

Minna No Nihongo Lesson 18 Grammar
Lesson 18 is learned about dictionary verbs, which is a very important grammar point.

1. The whole form of verbs
The prototype form (also called the dictionary form) is the basic form (the verb stem) of the verb, in the dictionary of verbs presented in this form.

Group I verbs:
The verbs that have the ending sound are [い], then move the ending sound to the sequence [う]

Verb Dictionary form
かきます かく
ききます きく
およぎます およぐ
のみます のむ
あそびます あそぶ
まちます まつ
とります とる
あいます あう
はなします はなす

Group II verbs
We remove [ます] add [る]
For example :
たべますーーー> たべる
みますーーーー> みる

Except for some special verbs:

Group III verbs
しますーーー> する
きますーーー> くる

2. Dictionary form verb こと / noun + ができます
Meaning: Can do ~
How to use:
The nouns used must be dynamic or the nouns such as 日本語(にほんご)、ピアノ、スキー
You must add こと after the dictionary form verb to turn into a noun group
The verb [できます] has 2 meanings of energy, ability
For example:
I know Japanese

I can draw pictures (Capacity)

カードではらうことが できます。
Can pay by card. (Ability)

3. わたしのしゅみは Dictionary – verb こと / noun です
Meaning: My hobby is ~
Usage: Use additional dictionary nouns and verbs [こ と] to talk about hobbies
For example:
What is your favorite thing?

Is traveling.

Is singing.

My hobby is watching movies

4. Noun の / Dictionary verb verb / Time indicating + まえに + ~
Meaning: Before what / what / when
For example :
When to take this medicine?

Drink before bed.

Before the meeting, I prepared the report.

3 months ago, I went to Hue.

5. なかなか + negative verb
Meaning: forever without …
Usage: used in negative sentences
For example :
バスが なかなか きません。
Bus forever without seeing

シンガポール でなかなかゆきをみることができません。
In Singapore, I never saw snow

6. ぜひ
Meaning: Certainly
Usage: Indicating hope or request
For example :
I really want to go to Japan

You must come to my house to play!