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Learn N3 Kanji Unit 23: 授, 渡, 昔, 要, 冷

Learn N3 Kanji Unit 23: 授, 渡, 昔, 要, 冷


Meaning : impart, instruct, grant, confer

Onyomi : じゅ
Kunyomi :

Common words using this Kanji:

授業(じゅぎょう):lesson; class work; teaching; instruction
教授(きょうじゅ):teacher assistant


Meaning : transit, ford, deliver, diameter, migrate

Onyomi :
Kunyomi : わた-る. わた-す

Common words using this Kanji:
過渡 (かと): crossing; ferry
渡航 (とこう): voyage; passage; travelling
渡来 (とらい): visit (from abroad)
渡欧 (とおう): going to Europe; trip to Europe
渡米 (とべい): going to the United States
渡仏 (とふつ): going to France
譲渡 (じょうと): transfer; assignment; conveyance

渡る(わたる):to cross over; to go across​
渡す(わたす):to hand over; to hand in; to pass; to give; to transfer​


Meaning : once upon a time, antiquity, old times

Onyomi :
Kunyomi : むかし

Common words using this Kanji:
昔日 (せきじつ): old days
往昔 (おうせき): ancient times
昔時 (せきじ): old times; former times

昔(むかし):olden days; former​
一昔 (ひとむかし): an age (ago), a long time (ago), a decade (ago)
昔式 (むかししき): old fashioned; in ancient style
昔者 (むかしもの): old person; old-fashioned person


Meaning : need, main point, essence, pivot, key to

Onyomi : よう
Kunyomi : い-る

Common words using this Kanji
不要 (ふよう): unnecessary, unneeded
重要 (じゅうよう): important, essential
要因 (よういん): main cause, primary factor
要点 (ようてん): gist, main point
要求 (ようきゅう): demand, firm request
要素 (ようそ): component, factor
需要 (じゅよう): demand, request
要員 (よういん): essential member
概要 (がいよう):outline, summary
所要 (しょよう): required, needed
必要(ひつよう):necessary; required​

要る(いる):to need; to want


Meaning : cool, cold (beer, person), chill

Onyomi : れい
Kunyomi : つめ-たい, ひ-やす, ひ-える, さ-める, さ-ます

Common words using this Kanji:
冷房 (れいぼう): air conditioning; air cooling​
冷静 (れいせい): calmness; composure; coolness; serenity; presence of mind
冷淡 (れいたん): cool; indifferent; apathetic; half-hearted
冷酷 (れいこく): cruelty; coldheartedness; relentless; ruthless
冷却 (れいきゃく): cooling; refrigeration
冷水 (れいすい): cold water
空冷 (くうれい): air cooling
冷凍 (れいとう): freezing; cold storage; refrigeration

冷たい(つめたい):cold (to the touch);
冷やす(ひやす):to cool (from room temperature); to chill; to refrigerate​
冷える(ひえる):to grow cold
冷める(さめる):to become cool; to come down (fever)​
冷ます(さます):to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature); to let cool​