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Learn N3 Kanji Unit 20: 形, 骨, 折, 困, 消

Learn N3 Kanji Unit 20: 形, 骨, 折, 困, 消


Meaning : shape, form, style

Onyomi : けい, ぎょう
Kunyomi : かたち

Common words using this Kanji:
人形 (にんぎょう): doll; puppet; figure
形態 (けいたい): form; shape; figure
形式 (けいしき): format; form; style; manner
形成 (けいせい): formation; molding; making (up); taking form
地形 (ちけい): terrain; geographical features; topography
原形 (げんけい): original form; base form
円形 (えんけい): round shape; circle; circular form
定形 (ていけい): fixed form; regular shape
形勢 (けいせい): condition; situation; prospects
形跡 (けいせき): traces; evidence
形容 (けいよう): form; figure; condition; state

図形 (ずけい):figure; shape; graphic​
整形外科(せいけいげか):orthopaedic surgery; plastic surgery
形 (かたち):shape


Meaning : skeleton, bone, remains, frame

Onyomi : こつ
Kunyomi : ほね

Common words using this Kanji:
人骨 (じんこつ): human bones
骨格 (こっかく): skeleton; skeletal structure; build; frame; physique
鉄骨 (てっこつ): steel frame; steel beam; steel girder

骨折(こっせつ):bone fracture​


Meaning : fold, break, fracture, bend, yield, submit

Onyomi : せつ
Kunyomi : お-る, お-れる

Common words using this Kanji:
右折(うせつ):turning to the right; right turn
折る(おる):to break; to fracture; to break off; to snap off
左折(させつ):turning to the left; left turn​
折り紙(おりがみ):origami; art of paper folding​
折れる(おれる):to break; to be broken; to snap; to fracture​, to be folded​


Meaning : quandary, become distressed, annoyed

Onyomi : こん
Kunyomi : こま-る

Common words using this Kanji:
困難 (こんなん): difficulty; hardship; trouble; distress
貧困 (ひんこん): poverty; penury; need; destitution
困惑 (こんわく): bewilderment; perplexity; embarrassment
困苦 (こんく): privation; hardship
困厄 (こんやく): distress; disaster
困却 (こんきゃく): perplexity; dilemma

困る(こまる):to be troubled; to be worried; to be bothered; to be embarrassed; to be stumped​


Meaning : extinguish, blow out, turn off, neutralize, cancel

Onyomi : しょう
Kunyomi : き-える, け-す

Common words using this Kanji:
消費 (しょうひ): consumption; expenditure; spending
消化 (しょうか): digestion (of food)
解消 (かいしょう): cancellation; liquidation; resolution; reduction (e.g. of stress)
消毒 (しょうどく): disinfection; sterilization; sterilisation

消防(しょうぼう):fire fighting
消す(けす):to erase; to delete; to cross out​
消える(きえる):to go out; to vanish; to disappear​