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Basic Japanese Phrases – Part 29

Basic Japanese Phrases – Part 29
Japanese Phrases for Beginners
Basic Japanese vocabulary
Kanji for digital flash cards
Share with you the list of basic Japanese vocabulary.

Kanji Hiragana/ Katakana Meaning
一休み ひとやすみ a rest
一定 いってい fixed, settled, definite
一応 いちおう once, tentatively, in outline, for the time being
一斉 いっせい simultaneous, all at once
一旦 いったん once, for a moment, one morning, temporarily
一昨年 いっさくねん year before last
一昨日 いっさくじつ day before yesterday
一段と いちだんと greater, more, further, still more
一流 いちりゅう first class, top grade, foremost, top-notch
一通り ひととおり ordinary, usual, in general, briefly
万歳 ばんざい hurrah, cheers
三日月 みかづき new moon, crescent moon
三角 さんかく triangle, triangular
上り のぼり up-train (going to Tokyo), ascent
上る のぼる to ascend, to go up, to climb
上下 じょうげ high and low, up and down, unloading and loading, praising and blaming
上旬 じょうじゅん first 10 days of month
上級 じょうきゅう advanced level, high grade, senior
下る くだる to get down, to descend
下品 げひん vulgarity, meanness, indecency, coarseness
下旬 げじゅん month (last third of)
下書き したがき rough copy, draft
下水 げすい drainage, sewage, ditch, gutter, sewerage
下町 したまち Shitamachi, lower parts of town
下線 かせん underline, underscore
下車 げしゃ alighting, getting off
下降 かこう downward, descent, fall, drop, subsidence
下駄 げた geta (Japanese footwear), wooden clogs
不潔 ふけつ unclean, dirty, filthy, impure
不規則 ふきそく irregularity, unsteadiness, disorderly
不通 ふつう suspension, interruption, stoppage, tie-up, cessation
不運 ふうん unlucky, misfortune, bad luck, fate
両側 りょうがわ both sides
並木 なみき roadside tree, row of trees
並行 へいこう (going) side by side, concurrent, abreast, at the same time
中世 ちゅうせい Middle Ages, mediaeval times
中味 なかみ contents, interior, substance, filling, (sword) blade
中年 ちゅうねん middle-aged
中性 ちゅうせい neuter gender, neutral (chem.), indifference, sterility
中指 なかゆび middle finger
中旬 ちゅうじゅん second third of a month
中身 なかみ  contents, interior, substance, filling, (sword) blade
中途 ちゅうと in the middle, half-way
中間 ちゅうかん middle, midway, interim
主役 しゅやく leading part, leading actor (actress)
主語 しゅご (gram) subject
どんぶり porcelain bowl, bowl of rice with food on top
乗換 のりかえ (n) transfer (trains, buses, etc.)
乗車 じょうしゃ taking a train, entraining
乱暴 らんぼう  rude, violent, rough, lawless, unreasonable, reckless
乾かす かわかす to dry (clothes, etc.), to desiccate
乾杯 かんぱい toast (drink)
乾燥 かんそう dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated
乾電池 かんでんち dry cell, battery
予備 よび preparation, preliminaries, reserve, spare
争う あらそう to dispute, to argue, to be at variance, to compete
五十音 ごじゅうおん the Japanese syllabary
井戸 いど water well
亡くす なくす to lose someone, wife, child, etc
交ざる まざる to be mixed, to be blended with, to associate with, to mingle with, to join
交じる まじる to be mixed, to be blended with, to associate with
交ぜる まぜる to be mixed, to be blended with
交差 こうさ cross
交替 こうたい alternation, change, relief, relay, shift
交流 こうりゅう alternating current, intercourse, (cultural) exchange, intermingling
交通機関 こうつうきかん transportation facilities
人命 じんめい (human) life
人差指 ひとさしゆび index finger
人文科学 じんぶんかがく social sciences, humanities
人通り ひとどおり pedestrian traffic
人造 じんぞう man-made, synthetic, artificial
仕上がる しあがる to be finished
付合う つきあう to associate with, to keep company with, to get on with
付近 ふきん neighbourhood, vicinity, environs
代える かえる to exchange, to interchange, to substitute, to replace
代る かわる to take the place of, to relieve, to be substituted for
代名詞 だいめいし pronoun
以後 いご after this, from now on, hereafter, thereafter
以降 いこう on and after, hereafter, thereafter
仮名 かな (n) alias, pseudonym, pen name
仮名遣い かなづかい kana orthography, syllabary spelling
仮定 かてい assumption, supposition, hypothesis
仲直り なかなおり reconciliation, make peace with
仲良し なかよし intimate friend, bosom buddy, chum
休息 きゅうそく rest, relief, relaxation
休業 きゅうぎょう  closed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holiday
休講 きゅうこう lecture cancelled
休養 きゅうよう rest, break, recreation
会館 かいかん meeting hall, assembly hall
伝わる つたわる to be handed down, to be introduced, to be transmitted
伝染 でんせん contagion
伝記 でんき biography, life story
伯母さん おばさん (hon) aunt
伯父さん おじさん middle-aged gentleman, uncle
但し ただし but, however, provided that
低下 ていか fall, decline, lowering, deterioration
住まい すまい dwelling, house, residence, address
住居 じゅうきょ dwelling, house, residence, address
体制 たいせい order, system, structure, set-up, organization
体操 たいそう gymnastics, physical exercises, calisthenics
体積 たいせき capacity, volume
体系 たいけい system, organization
何々 なになに such and such, What?
何分 なにぶん what minute?, how many minutes?
余る あまる to remain, to be left over, to be in excess, to be too many
余所 よそ another place, somewhere else, strange parts
余計 よけい too much, unnecessary, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
いつ be lost, peace, hide, mistake, beautiful, in turn
作る/造る つくる to make, to create
作成 さくせい frame, draw up, make, producing
作者 さくしゃ author, authoress
作製 さくせい manufacture
例える たとえる to compare, to liken, to speak figuratively, to illustrate, to use a simile
例外 れいがい exception
侵入 しんにゅう penetration, invasion, raid, aggression, trespass
便所 べんじょ toilet, lavatory, rest room, latrine, comfort station
便箋 びんせん writing paper, stationery
係わる かかわる to concern oneself with, to influence, to stick to (opinions)
にわか sudden, abrupt, unexpected, improvised, offhand
保健 ほけん health preservation, hygiene, sanitation
信ずる しんずる to believe, to believe in, to place trust in
修繕 しゅうぜん repair, mending
倉庫 そうこ storehouse, warehouse, godown
個体 こたい an individual
個所 かしょ passage, place, point, part
倣う ならう to imitate, to follow, to emulate
偉い えらい great, celebrated, eminent, terrible, awful, famous, remarkable, excellent
停止 ていし suspension, interruption, stoppage, ban
停車 ていしゃ stopping (e.g. train)
停電 ていでん failure of electricity
偶数 ぐうすう even number
傑作 けっさく masterpiece, best work, boner, blunder
催し もよおし event, festivities, function
催促 さいそく request, demand, claim, urge (action), press for
傾く かたむく to incline toward, to slant, to lurch
傾らか なだらか gently sloping, smooth
儀式 ぎしき ceremony, rite, ritual, service
儲かる もうかる  to be profitable, to yield a profit
儲ける もうける  to get, to earn, to gain, to have (bear, beget) a child

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