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Basic Japanese Phrases – Part 28

Basic Japanese Phrases – Part 28
Japanese Phrases for Beginners
Basic Japanese vocabulary
Kanji for digital flash cards
Share with you the list of basic Japanese vocabulary.

Kanji Hiragana/ Katakana Meaning
はり needle, hand (e.g. clock)
つり fishing
てつ iron
鉄道 てつどう railroad
ぎん (1) silver, silver coin, silver paint
じゅう gun
銅貨 どうか copper coin
鋭い するどい pointed, sharp
なべ saucepan, pot
かぎ key
くさり chain
長期 ちょうき long time period
閉じる とじる to close (e.g. book, eyes), to shut
開始 かいし start, commencement, beginning
space, room, time, pause
間違い まちがい mistake
関する かんする to concern, to be related
関心 かんしん concern, interest
関連 かんれん relation, connection, relevance
防ぐ ふせぐ to defend (against), to protect, to prevent
降ろす おろす to take down, to launch, to drop
限る かぎる to restrict, to limit, to confine
限界 げんかい limit, bound
除く のぞく to remove, to exclude, to except
かげ shade, shadow, other side
りく (the) land
陽気な ようき cheerful, lively, merry
随分 ずいぶん extremely
さい on the occasion of, circumstances
障害 しょうがい obstacle, impediment (fault), damage
隠す かくす to hide, to conceal
隠れる かくれる to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
集まり あつまり gathering, meeting, assembly, collection
集中 しゅうちゅう concentration, focusing the mind
集団 しゅうだん group, mass
雇う やとう to employ, to hire
離す はなす to part, divide, separate
離れる はなれる to be separated from, to leave, to go away, to be a long way off
離婚 りこん divorce
雰囲気 ふんいき atmosphere (e.g. musical), mood, ambience
かみなり thunder
電子 でんし electron
需要 じゅよう demand, request
震える ふるえる to shiver, to shake, to quake
しも frost
きり fog, mist
青年 せいねん youth, young man
非常 ひじょう emergency, extraordinary, unusual
めん a mask, the face, the surface, an aspect, a side,
面倒 めんどう  trouble, difficulty, care, attention
かわ leather
おん sound, note
頂く いただく to receive, to take food or drink (hum)
頂上 ちょうじょう top, summit, peak
ころ time, about, toward, approximately (time)
じゅん order, turn
順番 じゅんばん turn (in line), order of things
順調 じゅんちょう favourable, doing well, O.K., all right
預ける あずける  to give into custody, to entrust, to deposit
ほお cheek (of face)
ほほ cheek (of face)
頭痛 ずつう headache
頼る たよる to rely on, to have recourse to, to depend on
だい title, subject, theme, topic
がく  picture frame
ひたい forehead, brow
願い ねがい desire, wish, request
願う ねがう to desire, to wish, to request
風呂 ふろ bath
風景 ふうけい scenery
飛ばす とばす to skip over, to omit
飛び出す とびだす to jump out, to rush out, to fly out
飛行 ひこう aviation
食う くう (male) (vulg) to eat
食事 しょくじ・する meal, to have a meal
食卓 しょくたく dining table
食品 しょくひん commodity, foodstuff
食料 しょくりょう food
食欲 しょくよく appetite (for food)
食物 しょくもつ food, foodstuff
食糧 しょくりょう provisions, rations
めし (sl) meals, food
飼う かう to keep, to raise, to feed
飽きる あきる to get tired of, to lose interest in, to have enough
えさ feed, bait
首相 しゅしょう Prime Minister
首都 しゅと capital city
香り かおり aroma, fragrance, scent, smell
うま (1) horse, (2) promoted bishop (shogi)
馬鹿 ばか fool, idiot, trivial matter, folly
駄目 だめ useless, no good, hopeless
駐車 ちゅうしゃ parking (e.g. car)
騒ぎ さわぎ uproar, disturbance
騒音 そうおん noise
ほね bone
骨折 こっせつ bone fracture
高価 こうか high price
高速 こうそく high speed, high gear
髪の毛 かみのけ hair (head)
おに  ogre, demon, it (i.e., in a game of tag)
魅力 みりょく charm, fascination, glamour
うお fish
黒板 こくばん blackboard
黙る だまる to be silent
ねずみ mouse, rat
お代わり おかわり second helping, another cup
お出掛け おでかけ just about to leave
お参り おまいり worship, shrine visit
お帰り おかえり return, welcome
お手伝いさん おてつだいさん maid

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