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Basic Japanese Phrases – Part 18

Basic Japanese Phrases – Part 18
Japanese Phrases for Beginners
Basic Japanese vocabulary
Kanji for digital flash cards
Share with you the list of basic Japanese vocabulary.

Kanji Hiragana/ Katakana Meaning
とも friend, companion, pal
友人 ゆうじん friend
友情 ゆうじょう friendship, fellowship
双子 ふたご twins, a twin
反抗 はんこう opposition, resistance
収める おさめる to obtain, to reap, to pay, to supply, to accept
収入 しゅうにゅう income, receipts, revenue
収穫 しゅうかく harvest, crop, ingathering
取り上げる とりあげる to take up, to pick up, to disqualify, to confiscate, to deprive
取れる とれる to come off, to be taken off, to be removed
受け取る うけとる to receive, to get, to accept, to take
叩く たたく to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat
叫ぶ さけぶ to shout, to cry
可能 かのう possible, practicable, feasible
だい stand, rack, table, support, counter for machine
叱る しかる to scold
合わせる あわせる  to join together, to be opposite, to face, to unite
合図 あいず sign, signal
合格 ごうかく success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility
合計 ごうけい sum total, total amount
同一 どういつ identity, sameness, similarity
同僚 どうりょう coworker, colleague, associate
同時 どうじ simultaneous(ly), concurrent, same time, synchronous
同様 どうよう identical, equal to, same (kind), like
name, reputation
名人 めいじん master, expert
吐く はく to breathe out, to vomit
向かい むかい facing, opposite, across the street, other side
向く むく to face
向ける むける to turn towards, to point
吠える ほえる to bark, to bay, to howl, to bellow, to roar, to cry
いや no, the nose
否定 ひてい negation, denial, repudiation
含む ふくむ to hold in the mouth, to bear in mind
吸収 きゅうしゅう absorption, suction, attraction
周囲 しゅうい  surroundings, circumference, environs
味方 みかた friend, ally, supporter
呼吸 こきゅう breath, respiration
いのち  , life, destiny
命じる めいじる to order, to command, to appoint
命令 めいれい  order, command, decree, directive, (software) instruction
せき cough
哀れ あわれ  helpless, pity, sorrow, grief
しな thing, article, goods, dignity, article (goods), counter for meal courses
ひん elegance, grace, dignity,
哲学 てつがく philosophy
ただ mere, sole, only
たった only (use with a word which indicates numbers)
唯一 ゆいいつ only, sole, unique
商人 しょうにん trader, shopkeeper, merchant
商品 しょうひん commodity, article of commerce, goods, stock, merchandise
商売 しょうばい  trade, business, commerce, transaction, occupation
問い とい question, query
ぜん good, goodness, right, virtue
のど throat
喜び よろこび (a) joy, (a) delight, congratulations, felicitations
喧嘩 けんか quarrel, (drunken) brawl, failure
営業 えいぎょう business, trade, management
うそ lie, falsehood, incorrect fact, inappropriate
うわさ rumour, report, gossip, common talk
器用 きよう skillful, handy
し/よん four
よん four
かい counter for occurrences
回す まわす to turn, to revolve
回り まわり circumference, surroundings, circulation
回復 かいふく recovery (from illness), improvement, rehabilitation, restoration
団体 だんたい organization, association, a group
困難 こんなん difficulty, distress
囲む かこむ to surround, to encircle
figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
図書 としょ books
国会 こっかい National Diet, parliament, congress
国境 こっきょう national or state border
国家 こっか state, country, nation
国民 こくみん  national, people, citizen
国語 こくご national language
つち earth, soil
土地 とち plot of land, lot, soil
土曜/土曜日 どよう/どようび Saturday
土産 みやげ present, souvenir
地下 ちか basement, underground
地位 ちい (social) position, status
地区 ちく district, section, sector
地域 ちいき area, region
地平線 ちへいせん horizon
地方 ちほう  area, locality, district, region, the coast
地球 ちきゅう the earth
かた mold, model, style, shape, data-type
ほこり dust
しろ castle
もと  basis
基づく もとづく to be grounded on, to be based on, to be due to, to originate from
基本 きほん foundation, basis, standard
報告 ほうこく report, information
place, field (physics)
場面 ばめん  scene, setting (e.g. of novel)
へい wall, fence
とう tower, pagoda
ごみ dust, dirt rubbish
さかい border, boundary, mental state
はか grave, tomb
増す ます to increase, to grow
増加 ぞうか increase, addition
売れる うれる to be sold
変化 へんか goblin, ghost, apparition, bugbear
変更 へんこう change, modification, alteration
夕べ ゆうべ evening

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